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The History of the Farm

The farm buildings belonging to the  Maiatica Farm are spread over an area which is made up of a series of smaller farms, which in the past were separate, and where it is still possible today to observe a culture and traditions dating back many centuries. One can still admire today one of the most interesting examples of 18th century rural architecture, namely the Gems Farmhouse. The De Gemmis family, from whose name derives the modern name of the farmhouse, originally came from Altamura, and had the farmhouse built. In the series of farm buildings the family was able to run the main activities of the flourishing local economy of that time: the mill (which was originally powered by a complex network of underground streams), the olive press, and also the land given over to crops, textile production and dairy farming. The large amounts of clay available enabled there to be a flourishing brickworks. There are many interesting historical artefacts still present today, including a large 17th century mill of considerable historical importance. One can imagine, on the basis of the evidence from the past, that there existed a self-sufficient rural settlement which was later perfected by the 19th century country bourgeoisie.

 

A little further north lies the impressive Rago farmhouse, which provides another example of a rural building from where the agricultural activities connected with olive growing were run. The house has been well preserved thanks to a painstaking cleaning work which means that today one can observe in their entireity the architectural features of the building and many aspects of old rural life.